PASI BUT BUT de l’ethnie BUNUN , TAIWAN

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wiki:
Le chant diphonique (ou chant de gorge) est une technique de chant permettant de produire plusieurs sons à la fois, et donc, de faire du chant polyphonique au moyen d’une seule voix. Un bourdon grave est produit avec la gorge tandis que des harmoniques aigües sont produites simultanément par résonance.

Overtone singing (or throat singing) is a singing technique to produce multiple sounds at once, and thus to make the polyphonic singing with one voice. Serious drone is produced in the throat while high harmonics are produced simultaneously by resonance.

4è, SEQUENCE 2 : musique traditionnelle d’inspiration religieuse : Le chant diphonique et la notion d’ »Harmoniques »

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4è, SEQUENCE 2 : musique traditionnelle d’inspiration religieuse : Le chant diphonique et la notion d’ »Harmoniques »

  

Le chant diphonique, et la notion d’Harmoniques.

Le phénomène sonore est très complexe. Des physiciens étudient l’acoustique et les sons, et grâce aux machines apparues au XXè siècle on a pu confirmer physiquement, et scientifiquement que la constitution d’un son est l’addition de plusieurs fréquences. Elles sont exprimées en Hertz (Hz). Une fréquence FAIBLE, est un son GRAVE. Une fréquence ELEVEE est un son AIGU.

Une note est simplement une fréquence fondamentale, avec au-dessus, d’autres fréquences. Ces fréquences sont entendues à certaines intensités bien plus faibles (volume). Ce qui fait que nous distinguons le son du piano, d’un saxophone par exemple, vient du fait que ces fréquences ne sont pas entendues aux mêmes intensités. C’est ce qu’on appelle LE TIMBRE.

Pour comprendre et approfondir cette notion physique, je vous invite à découvrir un site remarquable, avec des extraits sonores explicites : CLIQUEZ ICI : Découverte de la notion de Timbre

En Mongolie, et d’autres pays d’Asie (Tibet…), les moines bouddhistes en particulier ont développé la technique du chant diphonique, qui leur permet de mieux entrer en communication avec leurs Dieux.
Outre la Mongolie, l’Inde et l’Afrique du sud comptent également des chanteurs diphoniques. Certains moines tibétains pratiquent également ce chant et vont même jusqu’à se briser les cordes vocales volontairement pour obtenir un timbre de voix plus grave.

Le chant diphonique fait partie intégrante de la vie musicale en Mongolie et au Touva. Pratique vocale ancestrale, il est lié par tradition à la nature et aux forces qui l’animent. Il est chargé de rythmer les évènements de la vie quotidienne (imitation du vent, cris d’animaux…). On le rencontre également dans d’autres régions du monde comme au Tibet où les moines Gyuto l’utilisent dans leur pratique spirituelle ainsi que chez les femmes de la tribu Xhosa en Afrique du Sud.

Cette pratique vocale a commencé à susciter de l’intérêt chez les musiciens occidentaux depuis la fin des années 60 avec K. Stockhausen (Stimmung), David Hykes, Tran Quang Haï…

Cette technique, très difficile demande un travail vocal rigoureux. Elle consiste à chanter un bourdon (une note tenue dans le registre grave), et en formant des voyelles spécifiques, et en plaçant astucieusement sa langue, placer une mélodie au-dessus de ce bourdon. Cette mélodie correspond aux harmoniques. Le chanteur aura réussi à sélectionner des fréquences d’harmoniques, en sachant quelle voyelle, et quelle placement de la langue il devait utiliser pour faire « sonner » ou « sortir » l’harmonique voulue.

Un excellent site qui vous fera comprendre intuitivement le chant diphonique :

SITE CHANT DIPHONIQUE : CLIQUEZ-ICI

Voici quelques exemples :

COURS : 

Chant diphonique : technique de chant permettant à une seule personne de produire deux sons simultanés d’une seule voix. Un premier son, appelé le « bourdon », provient du fond de la gorge. Il est grave et constant et compose le fond du chant. Un second son plus aigu, appelé « harmonique », forme la mélodie. Le chant ainsi obtenu nous rappelle celui d’une guimbarde.

On retrouve ces techniques principalement en Mongolie, mais aussi dans les récitations de « Mantras » par les moines bouddhistes dans les monastères, et dans d’autres pays d’Asie du Nord, ou a quelques endroits du globe. Pour eux, cette technique leur permet d’exercer un pouvoir sur les Dieux.

Choduraa Tumat & Tyva Kyzy, Rep.Tuva, Siberia in concert

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Ajoutée le 21 févr. 2013

Tyva Kyzy (Daughters of Tuva) is recognized as first and, to date, the only group of women performing throat-sining in Central-Asia. Khöömei, or throat-singing in Tuvan, still remains a domain of male singers. Members of the group also command a wide spectre of female vocal and instrumental styles of Tuva, the land of the eagle. Instruments include chadagan (zither), byzaanchy, igil (both bow instruments) and toshpuluur (lute).
Fragment of their concert in Tropentheater in Amsterdam. Two songs of Tyva Kyzy, starting off the concert. “Сеткилимден сергек ыр-дыр (Cheerful Song of My Soul)”/ “Хомузум (My mouth-harp)”. Filmed by the Dutch production company Booz during the group’s tour in Europe in February 2012.

Tibetan monks throat-singing – Specialized form of chanting

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Ajoutée le 5 mars 2013

Tibetan temple music is particularly renowned in the west for its two forms of multiphonic singing known as jok-kay (low tone) and bar-da (high tone). In both forms, each of the main chantmasters simultaneously intones three notes, thus each individually creating a complete chord. The Tibetans are one of the only cultures on earth that cultivate this most extraordinary vocal ability. This tradition is also known as “overtone singing” because it is accomplished by learning to control the muscles of the vocal cavity and then re-shaping it while singing, thus intensifying the natural overtones of the voice. In effect, the body is transformed into an effective overtone amplifier.

One night in 1433, the Tibetan lama Je Tzong Sherab Senge awoke from a startling dream. In it he had heard a voice unlike any voice that had ever sounded on the planet. It was a low voice, unbelievably deep, sounding more like the growl of a wild bull than anything human. Combined with this first voice, there was a second. This voice was high and pure, like the sound of a child singing. These two voices, so totally different, had come from the same source and that source was Je Tzong Sherab Senge himself.

In this dream, Je Tzong Sherab Senge had been instructed to take this special voice and use it for a new chanting style that would embody both the masculine and feminine aspects of divine energy. It was a tantric voice, a sound that could unite those chanting it in a web of universal consciousness.The next morning, Je Tzong Sherab Senge began to chant his daily prayers. The sounds that came out of him were the sounds he had heard in his dream — unearthly sounds, tantric sounds — and he gathered his fellow monks together to tell them of his dream.

That year, more than 500 years ago, the Gyume Tantric Monastery began in Lhasa , Tibet . The monks of this monastery learned to chant in the same voice which Je Tzong Sherab Senge had heard in his dream. It was a voice that enabled each monk to chant three notes at the same time, creating ‘One Voice Chords’. Within that same century, another monastery in Lhasa , the Gyuto Tantric College , was founded. The monks at this fellow Tantric College also incorporated this chanting technique in their sacred rituals.

For centuries the magical sounds and rituals of Tibet lay enshrouded in the mysteries of a country refusing communication with the outside world. Stories of this unearthly chanting would filter back to the ‘civilized’ world along with tales of seemingly superhuman abilities which the Tibetan monks were said to possess, but these seemed to be nothing more than myth. In 1950 China invaded Tibet. Certain monks escaped to India, where they continued their tantric rituals. Their spiritual activities remained esoteric, but certain teachers of religion and ethnomusicology were finding their tantric rituals somewhat more accessible. These scientists and scholars would come back to the West with reports of a remarkable chanting technique utilized by the Gyume and Gyuto monks.

In Tibetan tantric chanting the goal of the chanting is to invoke and then unite with a particular deity or being. The monks literally become the gods and goddesses to whom they are praying. It may be that the overtones which are pronounced by the different Tantric Colleges are specific invocations to particular entities.

Source: http://www.chantmaster.org

This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of HD imagery from South Asia. The Wilderness Films India collection comprises of tens of thousands of hours of high quality broadcast imagery, mostly shot on HDCAM 1080i High Definition, HDV and XDCAM. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. We pride ourselves in bringing the best of India and South Asia to the world… Reach us at wfi @ vsnl.com and admin@wildfilmsindia.com.

2 HOURS Long Shamanic Meditation Music: Deep Trance Tuvan Throat Singing Journey Drumming

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Ajoutée le 23 déc. 2014

Long Shamanic Meditation Music Deep Trance Tuvan Throat Singing Journey Drumming

We’re focused on creating a beautiful Collection of Long Music Videos for you to relax and enjoy in your daily Meditation.
In Nu Meditation Music you will find calming, soothing tunes (most are ethereal ambient instrumentals) and nature sounds that will help you enter deep relaxation states. The playlists in this channel can be used as background music for the following activities:

RELAXATION

Relaxing music for stress relief! There are many stress relief techniques you can combine with stress relief music. We often use a combination of music with nature sounds like thunder sounds, rain sounds and ocean sounds (we find it very useful for stress relief meditation). We use ethnic instruments like the Shakuhachi flute, ethnic strings like the Sitar, Ambient Pads but also Classical Instruments like the Piano and the Harp. If you have an anxiety disorder, an anxiety attack, or just wanting to relax and stay positive, we invite you to listen to our peaceful instrumental music and enjoy anxiety relief:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list…

MEDITATION

The world would be such a better place if everyone practiced meditation! We’re creating a collection of Monk Chants, Tibetan Chants, Tibetan Singing Bowls Music, Mantras, Music based on Chakra Frequencies (Solfeggio Frequencies), Healing Music based on Fibonacci proportions and Binaural Beats to help enter meditative states. If you like Kundalini Meditation, Guided Meditations, Zazen, Deepak Chopra Meditations, Mooji Meditations, Eckhart Tolle Meditations and SadhGuru Meditations, we invite you to enjoy this playlist with compositions we selected for you:
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YOGA

There are several types of yoga like, Anusara, Ashtanga, Bikram, Hatha, Iyengar, Kripalu, Kundalini, Sicananda, among others. You can listen to our music when practicing yoga for weight loss, yoga for flexibility, yoga for beginners and yoga for relaxation.
Have you ever searched for Long Music Playlist for your Yoga exercises?
Influences in this type of music is mainly from World Music, Traditional Oriental Music, Indian Classical Music, Ragas, and Native American Music. If you are a yoga beginner or even a yoga teacher we invite you to listen to this Yoga Music Playlist:
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We also recommend checking out “Doyouyoga” and “Fightmaster Yoga” Youtube channels!

MUSIC FOR READING

Our tunes can also be used as soft background music for reading. If you are interested in spiritual books we recommend the readings of Louise Hay, Krishnamurti Jiddu, Augusto Cury, James Redfield, Robin Sharma, Zibia Gasparetto, Deepak Chopra, Marianne Williamson and Rhonda Byrne.

SLEEP

8 HOURS long calming soothing nature sounds and sleep music that will help you get to sleep fast. If you are looking for a noise canceling sound or just wanting to calm the mind, you can listen to this playlist of relaxing nature sounds and calming music. Sometimes we incorporate binaural beats in some music videos to help you enter deep sleep states.
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